Week 3 – T/R Sept. 22 & 24

INCA 284 – Tuesday, September 22




Congratulations Morgan and Jamin for publishing article in Eagle Feather News







Invitation to the SJ – Brad Brown, SJ grad and editor (?)  of the local paper in Montmartre (near CTK) is speaking in the Research class at the Journalism School at 1:30 on Tuesday (today).  You are most welcome to attend. — Trish


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Minifie Lecture: Staying in the Field: Why face-to-face journalism matters on Tuesday, October 6, 2015 at 7:30 at the Education Auditorium

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Minifie Lecture – Tuesday, October 6 7:30  at the Education Auditorium



Today – Quiz #2 on Aboriginal Business Directory Aboriginal Business Directory website (link in Readings and Resources).


For next class Thursday:

Check out Terry Massey’s website at http://thirteenletter.com/ – Quiz #3 will be about this website and the work Terry does


Also, watch these fun videos that explain different aspects of social media, from viral videos to Twitter to how social media is changing the news:


1) Quiz #2 – Aboriginal Business Directory

2) Student reports from ABD surfing assignment from last week:

Pick one business from the Aboriginal Business Directory and be ready to describe it to the class, including:

  • Name of the company?
  • Why did you pick it?
  • Where are they located?
  • What product/service to they provide?


Aboriginal Business Directory





Aboriginal Business Directory – Doing Business with the Federal Government

The Opportunity

There are currently more than 37,000 Aboriginal owned businesses in Canada

The Government of Canada recognizes that an effective way to improve the well-being and quality of life of Aboriginal people in Canada is to improve their economic opportunities.

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) created different programs to support Aboriginal economic development, including the Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business (PSAB).

PSAB aims to increase the number of Aboriginal firms participating in the federal procurement process.

Under PSAB, qualified Aboriginal firms can bid on government procurement contracts through several business arrangements, such as sub-contracting and joint ventures with other firms.

The PSAB is open to all Aboriginal businesses, including sole proprietorship, limited companies, co-operatives, partnerships, and not-for-profit organizations.

Since PSAB‘s establishment in 1996, more than 100,000 contracts have been awarded to Aboriginal suppliers with a total value of $3.3 billion.

The Government of Canada spends approximately $14 billion a year on goods, services, and construction.

Most government contracts are valued at less than $100,000.

Small and medium-sized businesses of all kinds have found that the federal government can be an important market for their products and services.

Aboriginal firms have traditionally been under-represented in this area.

The Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business (PSAB) is designed to encourage federal government officials and Aboriginal firms to do more business together.

The Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business

  • Under the PSAB, contracts that serve a primarily Aboriginal population are set aside for competition among qualified Aboriginal businesses.
  • Federal employees are also encouraged to voluntarily set aside opportunities for competition among Aboriginal businesses whenever practical.
  • Aboriginal businesses can also compete for federal contracts which are open to all qualified suppliers


Who Qualifies

The PSAB is open to all Aboriginal businesses, including sole proprietorships, limited companies, co-operatives, partnerships, and not-for-profit organizations. To be considered an Aboriginal business, the following criteria must be met:

  • at least 51 per cent of the firm must be owned and controlled by Aboriginal people, and
  • if the firm has six or more full-time staff, at least one third of the employees must be Aboriginal.

If a firm is starting a joint venture, at least 51 per cent of the joint venture must be owned and controlled by an Aboriginal business or businesses. A firm must demonstrate, for the duration of the contract, a level of Aboriginal content amounting to 33 per cent of the value of the work performed by the Aboriginal business.

Who is eligible to register?

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An Aboriginal business, which can be:

  • a band as defined by the Indian Act
  • a sole proprietorship


  • a limited company
  • a co-operative
  • a partnership
  • a not-for-profit organization in which Aboriginal persons have at least 51 percent ownership and control,


  • A joint venture consisting of two or more Aboriginal businesses or an Aboriginal business and a non-Aboriginal business(es), provided that the Aboriginal business(es) has at least 51 percent ownership and control of the joint venture. When an Aboriginal business has six or more full-time employees at the date of submitting the bid, at least thirty-three percent of them must be Aboriginal persons, and this ratio must be maintained throughout the duration of the contract.The bidder must certify in its submitted bid that it is an Aboriginal business or a joint venture constituted as described above.


What is it good for?

“The Government has approved a program designed to increase Aboriginal business participation in supplying government procurement requirements through a program of mandatory and selective setasides and supplier development activities leading to increased representation of Aboriginal business in contract awards by individual departments and agencies.

“The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the World Trade Organization Agreement on Government Procurement (WTOAGP) provide for procurements to be “set aside” for minority and small businesses. This means any procurement set aside under this policy for Aboriginal businesses is excluded from the provisions of these two international trade agreements. However, these agreements do not permit subcontracts to be reserved for Aboriginal businesses.” (Retrieved from http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/pol/doc-eng.aspx?id=13706)


Booklet – Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Businesses





See above…




For next class:

Note: We already did the ABD reading a quiz…

1) Find and bring an example of a magazine or publication that you think we could base our class project publication on

2) Quiz #4 on Tuesday, September 29 (next class) will be on forms of business. Review the 4-pager about forms of business and check out the links at Canada Business Network website at Corporation, partnership, or Sole Proprietorship?

3) Also for Quiz #4, watch this video on Types of Businesses (13:10)





Quiz #3 – Terry Massey, thirteen letter

Guest speaker – Terry Massey